As Islamic insurgents occupy large areas of territory in the final stage of the U.S. withdrawal, Afghan warlords once again took up arms to fight the Taliban.
Taliban forces are swiftly victorious and are launching attacks on strategic towns, including Kandahar in the south and Qala-e-Naw in the northwest, threatening to reverse the hard-won freedom of the United States during the 20-year war.
The rebels claimed that they occupied 85% of the country’s territory. Although the Afghan government considers this statement to be propaganda, the relentless Taliban offensive after the withdrawal of American and international forces has frightened ordinary Afghans.
In 2001, the United States cooperated with the Northern Alliance, an alliance of Afghan militia leaders, to drive the Taliban out of Kabul. Twenty years later, the warlord called for a “second resistance” to Islamist attacks.
With the overthrow of one region after another by the Taliban, the urgency has intensified, raising concerns that the country will fall into chaos. The National Government in Kabul is increasingly pessimistic about reaching a peaceful political solution envisioned by Washington with the Taliban.
Have great power Push Avinash Paliwal of the Soath Institute for South Asian Studies at the University of London said that in order to ensure their strategic interests in Afghanistan, commanders are now fighting for political status.
“With the departure of the United States, their political value to external forces has risen,” Parival said. “Now power must deal with them [the warlords] directly. “
This strategic outreach activity started last year. In September, Indian Foreign Minister S Jaishankar received Abdul Rashid Dostum, an ethnic Uzbek who served as a former pro-Soviet fighter, anti-Taliban commander and vice president of Afghanistan.
Dostum, he has always lived in Turkey and is supported Ankara, Determined to fight again. “We will come to the north, that is our home,” Dostum announced last month. “If I were killed and martyred there, I would be proud.”
The call for mobilization and resurrection of the militias is increasing. These warlords include Ahmad Massud (the son of an influential commander killed by al-Qaeda) and the former governor and northern commander Atta · Mohammad Noor (Atta Mohammad Noor).
with Low morale The Afghan security forces have repeatedly failed on the battlefield, and Kabul launched a “national mobilization” campaign to arm local volunteers.
US President Joe Biden insisted on Thursday that the US military mission will end before August.In the same week, the U.S. Army Leaving Bagram Air Force Base In the middle of the night, make it vulnerable to the predators who ransack it.
Faced with the imminent threat of Taliban takeover, Afghans are fleeing the country. Last week, after 1,000 Afghan security personnel crossed the border, President Emomali Rahmon of Tajikistan sent 20,000 military reserve personnel to guard the border.
“The weaker the government, the more the warlords can re-mobilize,” said Romain Malejacq. Survival of Warlords: The Illusion of Afghan State Building. “People may not like them, but they are the safest bets.”
Kate Clark of the Afghanistan Analyst Network said that in the weeks following the accelerated withdrawal of the United States and its allies, the Taliban had been targeting the northern region, which appeared to be a preemptive strike against anti-Taliban strongholds.
According to Clark, since May, the Taliban have controlled more than 40% of the country’s 400 regional centers.
Clark stated that it is not clear whether the warlords can effectively counterattack the Taliban. “We don’t know the actual ability of the people to mobilize,” she said. “There are too many unresolved things at the moment.”
Ahamdi, a former fighter from Dostum in northern Takhar province, requested that only his name be revealed. He said that although Uzbeks, one of the Afghan ethnic groups, are loyal to Dostum, many fighters have turned to the Taliban.
The 60-year-old said: “So many Uzbeks have become Taliban, and they know where to attack Dostum in his hometown.” “I worry about my safety and life.”
Haji Rozi Baig, an Afghan elder in the Khwaja Bahauddin district of Tahar, said that most people believe that the conquest of the country by militants is inevitable.
“Under the control of the government, we are very happy, at least enjoying some freedom,” Berg said. “Since the Taliban took over, we have been frustrated. At home we cannot speak loudly, listen to music, or send women to the Friday market.
“They are asking family members. This [Taliban] The deputy commander said you should not keep girls over 18 years old; this is guilty and they must get married,” the 55-year-old said.
“I’m sure they will come and marry my 23-year-old and 24-year-old daughters by force the next day.”