For more than 30 years, the Fujimori dynasty has played an important role in Peru’s national politics, but as the country prepares to be sworn in as the new left-wing president, this once powerful family seems to have nowhere to go.
Former authoritarian leader Alberto Fujimori was jailed for violating human rights. His daughter Keiko, who just lost her third consecutive presidential election, would go to jail for 30 years if state prosecutors get their way, entitled “criminal organization”, for expenses within her party. His son Kenji was accused of corruption, and after serving in Congress for a while, he basically disappeared from public life.
After coming to power in 1990, Admiral Fujimori defeated Maoist Shining Path activists and ended a conflict that claimed approximately 70,000 lives, while curbing hyperinflation, building infrastructure for the poor and contributing to Peru’s economic success in the 2000s Laid the foundation and won praise.
But his legacy as a right-wing dictator disbanded Congress and the judiciary in an “automatic coup”, sent tanks and soldiers, and later resigned from Japan by fax to avoid trial for corruption and human rights violations, split Peru and cast a long time. The shadow exceeds the politics of the country.
According to Denisse Rodríguez-Olivari, a Peruvian political analyst in Lima, the war against the Shining Path has led to the suspicion of leftists of all colors-“Even if they are just organizing a community to give food. kitchen”. In the recent election campaign, some right-wingers tried to portray the left-wing president-elect Pedro Castillo as a “terrorist” and sympathizer of the Shining Path.
CastilloThe former teacher and union activist who will be sworn in on Wednesday categorically ruled out a pardon for Fujimori, who served 25 years in prison for ordering the death penalty during his rule. He will not be released until 2032, when he will be 93 years old.
Keiko Fujimori lost the final round of elections in a fierce competition in June. 44 days after she accused Castillo of fraudulent voting, she finally accepted the defeat last week.Even so, she described Declare his victory As “illegal”.
She now faces an uncertain future. Since the presidency should have granted her immunity from prosecution, her trial date is likely to be set soon. She denies the accusation.
At the same time, her party remains an important force in Peruvian politics, at least for now. This is the second largest parliament in the new parliament. Keiko vowed to continue her struggle to prevent Castillo from tearing up the constitution made by her father’s government in 1993, that is, when he ordered tanks to drive to the streets of Lima to close the parliament The second year.
Keiko, 46, entered public life very early. At the age of 19, her father divorced her mother and promoted his daughter to become the first lady of Peru.
Considering her age (if she can escape from prison), she can run for president again and can imagine winning. Elsewhere in Latin America, Brazil’s Luis Inácio Lula da Silva won the presidential election in the fourth presidential election in 2002, as did Salvador Allende of Chile in 1970.
But the trend seems to be against her. In the election five years ago, she won nearly 40% of the first round of votes. This year, before losing to Castillo in the final, she shot only 13.4% and then tried to prevent him from being declared the winner.
Eileen Gavin, chief analyst at Verisk Maplecroft, a risk intelligence company, said: “It’s hard to imagine that she lost the presidential race three times in the trot and behaved so cynically after the second round. The presidential politician status returns.”
Gavin said, “Even though the political dynasty of the Fujimori family seems to have reached the last minute,” Lima’s conservative political and business elites who have supported it for many years will evolve and survive.
Keiko’s younger brother Kenjimoto can keep Fujimori’s flames alive, but he has kept a low profile recently. He was a popular member of Congress in his sister’s party until 2018, when the sibling rivalry between them finally broke out.
Keiko accused Kenji of trying to buy votes in Congress, saying that she was sorry that her own brother had participated in a practice that “caused so much harm to us Peruvians and a family”. Kenji in turn accused his sister of having a “criminal attitude.”
“Kenji is also under the judicial microscope. Of course, if any alleged corruption charges are established, his history may also prevent him from seeking public office in the future,” Gavin said. “At the same time, he is very attractive politically, and I will not cancel him now.”
conform to Family soap opera, The two seemed to reconcile during this year’s presidential campaign, and Kenji unexpectedly supported Keiko at her last election rally.
“This is the Mac-Fujimori-beth family,” said Gustavo Gorriti, a senior Peruvian investigative journalist who was kidnapped under the order of Alberto Fujimori. “It is true that in the past few weeks of the campaign, Kenji seemed to have reconciled with his sister, but he has disappeared since then.”
Goriti said that the political atmosphere in Lima is So unstable after Castillo’s victory Anything can happen, including the pardon of Alberto Fujimori or the unexpected turn of Keiko’s fate. Like many Peruvians, he wondered if she would try to leave the country like her father if the judicial network shut down around her.
“Where there is Fujimori, there are lawsuits,” he said.