Earlier this week, the Dixie fire developed into the largest single wildfire in California history, burning more than 600,000 acres of land, and a new fire broke out with unprecedented intensity.According to an official, in the dense ponderosa and cedar forests east of Sacramento, the Caldor Fire sprayed flames hundreds of feet into the sky on Tuesday, rushing north with “unprecedented fire behavior and growth.” To Lake Tahoe National Fire Incident Report From CalFire and Forest Service.
Within 36 hours, the Kaldor fire jumped from 6,000 acres to 54,000 acres, burning several isolated communities. The largest grizzly apartment is home to approximately 1,000 people. California Fire Department spokesperson Lynn Tolmachaff (Lynn Tolmachaff) said that so far, the number of destroyed buildings has not been counted because inspectors still cannot enter the area. Thousands of residents were ordered to evacuate the small towns and cabins along Highway 50 that were located right on the path of the fire. Officials expect the fire to continue northward for the time being. It is still out of control without any containment measures.
Videos and photos of the Fire of Kaldor show the flames tumbling into a burning cloud 30,000 feet high, A phenomenon that produces extreme winds, which increases the temperature and growth of the fire.
Forecasters warned that the situation could get worse: strong winds started early on Wednesday morning. Tolmachaff said the National Weather Service issued a “red flag warning” for winds of up to 55 miles per hour, which is exacerbating Caldor, Dixie, and many other fires currently burning in the state. PG&E, California’s largest power company, shut down electric lights in parts of the state’s 13 counties to prevent wind-damaged electrical wires from causing new fires.
On Tuesday, when the Caldo fire spread to the El Dorado National Forest in California, The Forest Service announces that it will close all 600,000 acres of land Public land.In most years, this is an unusual step, but The forest has been closed for the sixth time so far in 2022.
Jeff Marsolais, director of Eldorado National Forest, said at a community meeting on Tuesday night: “This fire has caused things that no one can predict, but this is what happened in the state this year. Fire situation.” [northern part of the California], And every time a fire broke out, it surpassed our model by a ratio of two to one. “
What is behind this strange fire behavior? Basically: climate change.
CalFire and the Forest Service’s accident report on the fast-moving Caldor fire pointed to dry fuel and wind. Leroy Westerling, a professor at the University of California, Merced, said that in California, climate change has not changed the total precipitation in the long run, but it has increased the temperature and caused trees, shrubs and forests. The ground dries out. Climate change affects wildfires. “You have now had the temperature rise for a long time, the variability of precipitation has increased, but the total amount of precipitation has not increased with the increase in evaporation, so you basically get drier and drier fuel,” Westlin told Grist.
This means that a fire like this, which will generate its own weather and behave in new and unpredictable ways, “will become more and more common,” he said.
There are currently 5 fires over 50,000 acres in California. CalFire’s Tolmachaff said that because there are about 10,000 people working across the state, “we are getting close to seeing the firefighters draw lots.” “It’s not as bad as when we were under a lightning siege last year, but it’s happening.”
There are also several huge wildfires burning in Oregon and Washington.As Grist’s The new newsletter about wildfire says, “There are currently 104 fires burning in 12 states; only two flames have been contained.” The fire season in the Northwest Territories is still very early and may last until December. “We just need to see what nature will do,” Tolmakhov said. The vegetation is only expected to become drier, and this strange fire behavior will soon become old news. fasten your seatbelt.