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The academic community is increasingly concerned about the threat posed by predatory journals to doctoral students, and at least one institution has tightened the quality standards for doctoral students through publication.

As a “core consideration” of its doctorate policy, Western Sydney University has narrowed the range of journals it accepts for published articles that form part of its doctorate. paper. Its School of Nursing and Midwifery went one step further, insisting that papers appear in the top 75% of the media ranked by SCimago journals.

The rules changed after external examiners complained about dissertations submitted as doctoral degrees. The paper was published in a predatory journal. A review found that these journals did not meet Western Sydney’s definition of predatory—the publication lacked peer review, transparency, or reasonable editorial standards, and fraudulently solicited manuscripts.

But the case reinforces the university’s efforts to “enhance the quality of journals” — work is already in progress to meet the guidelines for data collection and research evaluation exercises, a spokeswoman said.

This incident reflects broader concerns that published Ph.Ds encourage low-quality and repetitive science and are plagued by self-plagiarism and copyright issues, as well as widespread concerns about the proliferation of predatory publishers and conference organizers.

Scholars stated that they receive weekly or even daily requests to write articles for questionable journals or participate in lesser-known events. The e-mails are poorly worded and did not initially reveal that participants need to pay.

PhD students are considered particularly vulnerable to this method because they are relatively naive to academic culture—especially if they have a clinical background—and may be “tempted” by flattering invitations to call them “PhDs”.

“I don’t think people can assume that the PhD is the University of Melbourne law professor Katy Barnett, saying that students will know this will not happen. She said she recently advised a PhD student to notice on Twitter After a request for advice, a paper is withdrawn from the publisher.

“She was really excited,” Barnett explained. “She said,’This is the first time I have published an academic paper, and now they are asking for money-is this normal?'”

Barnett stated that universities and supervisors need to be more proactive in informing doctoral students of the “warning signs” of predatory publishers. “We have established incentives, [early-career academics] Must be announced. We have a responsibility to point out these pitfalls. We need better resources to understand how and where to get a PhD. Students should publish. “

But she admits that the difficulty of compiling a list of predatory journals is partly due to the day-to-day practice of publishers. “They changed their names. They continued to travel. As a mark, what I want to say is,’If someone asks you to pay for an article in their journal, get out now!'”

Simon Knight, director of the Digital Society Education Research Center at the University of Technology Sydney, warned that expectations of potential scholars would generate “undue incentives”, and publishing a thesis during the honors program became a prerequisite for receiving a doctorate. D. Program.

But Knight said that restricting papers related to papers to designated journals may also have unintended consequences. “A lot of journals are not in these rankings. New journals in emerging knowledge fields; journals that are unconventional in various ways-they are unlikely to appear in those commercial indexes,” he said.

Western Sydney stated that the threshold for journal quality is determined at the subject level. No consideration was given to restricting high-ranking SCimago journals within the institution, “because this will exclude book chapters and other well-known publications.”

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