Cannabis, marijuana and marijuana have been used for centuries. Besides recreational use, these plants were used medicinally even in ancient and medieval times. CBD and THC are the found cannabinoids, along with 80 to 100 other cannabinoids, which are found in the cannabis plant and can be extracted for use.
As the cannabis plant and its derivatives become more mainstream, CBD Oil and Medical Marijuana will continue to be controversial topic. There are many similarities between these two cannabis plants, but there are also many important differences.
CBD oil contains a lot of cannabidiol, one of those, we’re talking about 80 to 100 cannabinoids. Medical marijuana is high in THC, THC. THC and CBD are two of the more than 80 cannabinoids or active compounds found in the cannabis plant.
Other cannabinoids you may have heard of include CBG, CBN, Delta-8 THC, THCa, and THCV.
THC is the cannabinoid most associated with psychoactive effects that produce a “high” feeling. Potential effects are euphoric, calming and relaxing, but some can become a little disorienting and paranoid. THC also provides a number of beneficial uses for someone, such as making them hungry when they have a difficult-to-eat illness like cancer, while also relieving nausea from some prescription medications.
CBD Oil and Medical Marijuana
Cannabis and cannabis products are now legally permitted in many different countries around the world. People are also trying to grow these plants in their gardens and are more curious about their health and recreational benefits.
Two important compounds found in cannabis plants include CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
CBD cannabinoids are used in CBD oil and many other CBD products such as CBD gummies, CBD capsules, CBD topicals, CBD isolates, CBD drinks, CBD cigarettes, and CBD flowers.
While CBD products may make your body feel more relaxed and sometimes even sleepy, CBD products don’t cause any euphoria or emotional arousal, as THC levels are negligible at less than 0.3%.
There are also three ranges of CBD you should be aware of. Utilizing the entire cannabis plant, full-spectrum CBD is the spectrum associated with the entourage effect, which is the synergistic interaction of cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, and fatty acids naturally present in cannabis.
The other two types of CBD are CBD isolate, which removes all other cannabinoids, flavonoids, and other parts of the plant, leaving a white powdery substance that contains only CBD.
Broad-spectrum CBD contains all cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes, but this spectrum has THC removed.
CBD does not have psychoactive effects, but it seems to relax your body and help you achieve homeostasis. CBD also has medicinal properties that help relieve inflammation in the body, chronic pain, sleep problems, and many other health conditions.1
THC or THC
THC is the cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant, responsible for its psychoactive properties and can produce high effects.
The term medical marijuana is really just marijuana sold through the state’s medical marijuana program, not the state’s recreational marijuana program. Other than that, there is not much difference between recreational marijuana and medical marijuana.
When THC is ingested by the body, it binds to CB1 receptors in the brain. Subsequently, it can produce euphoria.
CBD or Cannabidiol
CBD or cannabidiol cannot bind to receptors in the brain. Therefore, it does not produce any of the stimulative or sedative effects that THC produces.
Therefore, using CBD oil or other CBD products that are high in cannabidiol will not affect a person’s mental state.
It does not cause agitation or euphoria because it does not bind to receptors in the brain. It can also be used to reduce the sedative, euphoric, or other adverse effects of THC.
Chemical Structures of CBD and THC
THC and CBD have the same strength and formula. They both contain 30 hydrogen atoms, 21 carbon atoms and 2 oxygen atoms. However, the physical arrangement of the two molecules is different. This is why they affect the human body differently. However, both THC and CBD affect the body’s neurotransmitters and can affect memory, sleep, and pain to varying degrees.
Legality of CBD and THC in the US
CBD or cannabidiol is still classified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a “Schedule I” drug and drug, and its use is restricted, somewhat, but not really. While CBD is still classified this way, the Farm Bill federally legalized the cultivation of hemp, and because the FDA doesn’t fully recognize CBD as a supplement, CBD is in a gray area.
The only thing the FDA currently oversees over CBD is how brands label and market CBD products. Brands cannot claim that CBD is a cure or treatment for a disease or disease, and until further research is done, the FDA takes CBD out of the grey area, where it will remain in limbo. It should also be mentioned that CBD products are not legally allowed to contain more than 0.3% THC.
Currently, 33 states in the United States have passed some form of marijuana law. Since marijuana remains federally illegal, the production of marijuana products is regulated by state drug laws.
Both THC and CBD contain certain properties to provide medicinal benefits. However, as mentioned earlier, CBD does not cause the sedation or euphoria that can occur due to ingestion of THC.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration first authorized the use of prescription drugs containing CBD in 2018. The medicine is called Epidiolex. It is used to treat epilepsy.
Health Benefits of CBD and THC
So far, CBD has not been approved to treat any other ailments. CBD may have potential advantages when used to treat various ailments without causing any euphoria.
Research shows that CBD may help in the following situations:
THC is also helpful in certain medical conditions. It can provide relief in the following situations:
- muscle spasms
- decreased appetite
Marijuana was a banned substance long ago, but many states in the United States and around the world now allow both medical and recreational use.
However, it’s still not entirely legal under US federal law. The Farm Bill partially allows the production and sale of hemp products. When you want to sell or buy products containing CBD and THC, certain rules must be followed.
You will need to check the laws of the state where you live to learn more about the applicable conditions. Talk to your doctor to learn more about how CBD will benefit you, and if you take prescription medications, you should be aware that CBD may have drug interactions.
1National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Division of Health and Medicine; Committee on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Committee on Health Effects of Cannabis: Evidence Review and Research Agenda. Health effects of cannabis and cannabinoids: the current state of evidence and research recommendations. Washington (DC): National Academy of Sciences Press (USA); January 12, 2017. 4. Therapeutic effects of cannabis and cannabinoids. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK425767/