The European Union announced comprehensive new legislation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% in this decade. It aims to turn green goals into concrete actions and set an example for other large economies in the world.

The European Commission’s recommendations include the de facto phase-out of gasoline and diesel vehicles by 2035, as well as new national restrictions on heating gas for buildings.

Committee officials said that the purpose of the “Fit for 55” legislation is to free the African continent from the use of fossil fuels and to better protect the environment through policy design – rather than being forced to take desperate measures at a critical point in the future climate. It’s too late.

European Commission President Ursula von der Lein told reporters: “The hell and hurricanes we have seen in the past few weeks are just a small window into our future.”

“But by acting now, when we still have policy options, we can do things in another way… Europe was the first continent to declare climate neutrality by 2050, and now we are the first to make The mainland table of the specific road map.”

“The War of Water and Food”

Frans Timmermans, Executive Vice President of the European Commission, said that if we do not take action now, “we will fail our children and grandchildren. In my opinion, if we do not solve this problem, they will Fighting with food”.

The plan involves reforms to the European Union’s emissions trading scheme, under which companies pay for carbon dioxide emissions and impose taxes on shipping and aviation fuel for the first time.

The committee hopes to capitalize on the public sentiment for change triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. It has converted more than one-third of its massive recovery plan aimed at revitalizing the European economy devastated by coronavirus restrictions into climate-oriented goals.

The new legislation will involve more than a dozen major proposals — most of which are based on existing laws to achieve the EU’s old goal of reducing gas emissions by 40% from 1990 levels by 2030 — and 27 must be obtained Recognized countries of member states and EU politicians.

World leaders agreed in Paris six years ago to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), and it is best not to exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of this century.

Scientists say that unless drastic measures are taken to start reducing greenhouse gas emissions, both of these goals will be substantially missed.

von der Leyen said: “The principle is simple-carbon dioxide emissions must have a price, the price of carbon dioxide, to encourage consumers, producers and innovators to choose clean technologies and switch to clean and sustainable products.”

In view of their impact, these proposals will definitely be strongly lobbied by industry and environmental organizations, because they will pass the legislative process at least next year.

Due to the different energy structures of the member states, from Poland, which relies on coal to France, which relies on nuclear energy, the plan will also encounter resistance.

The most controversial content is the “carbon boundary adjustment mechanism” plan. It will impose tariffs on foreign companies, thereby increasing the prices of certain commodities-especially steel, aluminum, concrete and fertilizers.

The aim is to alleviate the pressure on European producers who reduce emissions but have difficulty competing with importers who do not have the same environmental restrictions.

The question is how the European Union, known for its firm defense of open trade, will ensure that carbon taxes comply with the rules of the World Trade Organization, rather than being seen as a protectionist measure.

Another concern is the need to help those who may be hit by rising energy prices. The committee proposes to set up a “social climate fund” worth billions of euros to help those who may be hit hardest.

Von Delane said: “The fund will support income and will support investment to solve energy poverty and cut spending for disadvantaged households and small businesses.”

Many people are likely to be unable to afford zero-emission cars after 2035. Under Fit for 55, the sales of battery-powered cars may accelerate sharply, because the EU’s goal is to reduce car carbon dioxide emissions by 100%.

The new measures will begin to take effect in the next few years. By 2030, the average fleet’s carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced by 55% compared to 2021.

Fitting 55 measures will require the approval of member states and the European Parliament, and this process may take two years.

A diplomat from an EU country said that the success of the plan depends on its ability to be realistic and socially fair, while not undermining economic stability.

The diplomat said: “The purpose is to raise the economy to a new level, not to stop it.”


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