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We are in the single-elimination rounds of the European Cup in 2021, and if the latest version of the tournament shows any signs, some of our games will still be deadlocked after 90 minutes.

The official rules of the European Cup (Page 20) Summarize what happens after the 90-minute rule when the score is still the same:

  1. Extra time: Two 15-minute overtime matches were completed;
  2. penalty: If there is still no winner after overtime, a penalty kick will be used to determine the winner.

Overtime Substitute

Each team allows five substitutions in each game, and the sixth substitution can only be used in overtime.

If the game ends according to the rules, these substitutes must be played within a maximum of three in-game substitution windows. If the game enters overtime, they must be played in a maximum of four in-game substitution windows.

Teams can also make substitutions at the end of different periods, which do not count towards the substitution window in the game:

  • Intermission
  • End of supervision
  • Intermission in overtime

What happened in 2016?

In the last European Championship, 5 of the 15 games in the knockout stage required extra time, and 3 of these 5 games entered a penalty shoot-out.

The 2016 European Cup final between Portugal and France was decided by Portugal’s Edel scored in overtime in the 109th minute.

Poland (round of 16), Portugal (quarter-finals) and Germany (quarter-finals) won penalties against Switzerland, Poland and Italy in the knockout stages of the tournament.

Six of the 15 European Championship finals were decided in overtime, and only one ended in a penalty shoot-out: in 1976, Czechoslovakia defeated West Germany to win the championship.

The 1996 and 2000 European Championship finals were all decided by a sudden “golden ball” in overtime. The rules of the game at the time stipulated that the first goal scored in overtime was the winner and the game ended. The golden goal rule has been abolished.



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