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(Reuters)- President Joe Biden Vowed to drastically reduce Emissions By 2030, at the same time create new and well-paid green energy jobs. His government has identified the electrification of buses as one of the main ways to achieve this goal.

Although more than half of traffic emissions are generated by traditional passenger vehicles, diesel-powered buses are considered the most serious source of pollution, especially in American cities.

Public transport pollution

Convert bus to battery Or fuel cell power is considered to be one of the fastest ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector, which accounts for 29% of the largest share of US emissions.

America is far behind

Of the approximately 70,000 people in the United States, most diesel engine Bus, only nearby 2According to the Transportation and Environment Center, currently% is zero-emissions, and the center advises transportation agencies on clean energy buses.

This leaves the U.S. far behind ChinaAccording to data from the Chinese government in 2020, the company has refitted nearly 60% of its bus fleet. According to data from the European Automobile Manufacturers Association, in Europe, electric buses account for 6% of the total number of new bus registrations in 2020.

Who finances electric buses?

The U.S. Transportation Agency receives most of the funding from the Federal Transportation Administration, which is an agency of the United States. U.S. Department of Transportation In the past eight years, it has provided nearly $670 million in electric bus grants.

P&S Intelligence analysts said that partly because of this funding, the US electric bus market is expected to expand fivefold by 2024, reaching US$2.7 billion.

Who are the industry players?

The US electric bus market is currently dominated by two companies selling dedicated battery-powered buses: California-based Proterra Inc and BYD North America, which is a division of China’s BYD Co., Ltd. Each company has sold approximately 1,000 US in the past 10 years.

However, the electric models of existing diesel bus manufacturers, including GILLIG in the United States, the New Flyer division of NFI Group Inc in Canada, and Novabus in Canada, Volvo Subsidiaries are becoming more and more popular among traffic officials.

New Flyer, GILLIG, Novabus, BYD and Proterra collectively have the capacity to produce approximately 6,000 electric and traditional buses each year, of which BYD accounts for about a quarter of the total production capacity.

Biden’s goal

Biden’s goal is to electrify 50,000 diesel buses in the next eight years, accounting for approximately 70% of the US fleet.

According to a bipartisan agreement reached last month, $7.5 billion will be used for bus electrification projects, although the funds also include electric school buses.

Biden hopes to see this money stimulate the creation of high-paying union jobs.

Tina Bellon reports for Reuters

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