President Joe Biden He drove the car and grinned Jeep Wrangler 4xe Rubicon on the South Lawn of the White House on Thursday. (Getty)

Detroit – President Joe Biden wants to eliminate Donald Trump’s retrogressive and Fuel economy standard.

On Thursday, he proposed new rules and reached a non-binding agreement with most automakers to allow them to own electric vehicles, Plug-in hybrid vehicle By 2030, hydrogen electric vehicles will account for half of its U.S. sales.

These moves are part of Biden’s battle plan climate change By persuading people to switch their gasoline-powered cars to electric-powered cars.

What will the new standard do?

They basically return pollution and fuel consumption requirements to those adopted when they are close Barack Obama Is the president.Obama’s standards require the fleet New car 5% carbon dioxide on average Emissions Cut each model year to 2025. Trump reduced it to 1.5% per year and added another year to the rules.

Biden’s plan calls for reducing emissions by 10% in 2023, and then reducing emissions by 5% per year by 2026. Trump’s standard ended with an average of 29 miles per gallon in actual driving. The Biden rule should be close to Obama’s mileage requirement, which is about 37 miles per gallon.

Consumer report According to calculations, due to delays caused by Trump and loopholes, the new standard will only achieve 75% of the original Obama standard.

Will they help combat climate change?

They should do this, even though environmental groups have stated that their actions are not fast enough to solve the serious problems that have warmed the oceans and caused more powerful storms, wildfires and floods. They also complained that these standards did not make up for the increased emissions during Trump’s administration, and lamented that automakers could offset the credit of fuel-intensive cars. (Selling these offset credits to other automakers is the main way Electric car maker Tesla make money. )

Some people say that there should be a plan to completely phase out gasoline passenger cars by 2030. Environmental Protection Agency Said that over the years its proposal would save approximately 200 billion gallons of gasoline and reduce approximately 2 Billion tons of carbon pollution. This is almost three times the total annual emissions of cars.

If automakers sell more electric vehicles, they can also reduce emissions, although the exact benefits depend on the fuel used to generate electricity.

Will the EV goal bring more options?

may be. By 2030, the agreement reached by automakers that half of the sales volume will be zero-emission vehicles is not binding, so there is no requirement for compliance or penalties for failing to meet the requirements. But long before Biden was elected, automakers were already moving towards similar sales goals, and after seeing the success of Tesla, the global leader in electric vehicle sales, they developed more electric vehicles.

The industry said that only the government can achieve its goal by investing large amounts of money in charging stations and incentives to encourage people to buy electric vehicles, so Biden will play an important role in getting Congress to approve funding.

Ford, General Motors And Stellattis have fully committed Electric pickup truck, Automakers began to launch electric SUVs in the core areas of the US market. According to consulting firm IHS Markit, only about 50 all-electric models are currently on sale in the United States, which is only a small part of the about 350 models sold by all automakers. But it expects to have 130 electric vehicles by 2026.

Dave Cooke, a senior automotive analyst at the Union of Concerned Scientists, predicts that as a result of this deal, all states will be able to use electric vehicles. Currently, many are only sold in coastal areas where national zero-emission vehicles are required.

Will this be the end of thirsty muscle cars and giant SUVs?

maybe not. But because the standards are close to meeting Obama’s requirements, they may become stricter on large trucks and SUVs. This may force automakers to produce electric or hybrid versions of their more thirsty models, but it may not cancel them.

“I think they can use the same truck platform to do a lot of things. If you want a large SUV, you have to use a hybrid or electric vehicle,” said Kristin Dziczek, senior vice president and policy analyst at the center. Automotive research, an industry think tank.

When switching to electricity, the muscle car may be faster. In almost all cases, electric cars have more instantaneous power than gasoline cars.

Will the cost of electric cars continue to be higher than similar gasoline cars or trucks?

According to consulting firm Alix Partners, electric vehicles are now $8,000 to $10,000 more expensive than internal combustion engine vehicles.But automakers say that this difference is shrinking as they sell more electric vehicles and develop lower-cost cars Battery. Just this week, Nissan lowers the price of Leaf EV to around US$20,000 After accounting for the $7,500 federal tax credit.

Biden proposes to expand tax credits and rebate For electric car buyers. When the automaker’s sales of electric vehicles reach 200,000, the current federal tax credit will be limited. (General Motors Tesla can no longer provide it). A bill introduced by Biden in the Senate would expand credit to all automakers and provide a five-year tax credit of up to $12,500 to make electric cars cheaper. There is also a proposal to provide a federal tax deduction of $2,500 for the purchase of used electric vehicles.

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