In this century, COVID-19 has disrupted daily life in an unprecedented way. It shut down the economy, Millions of people are caught in economic uncertaintyAnd kill 4.5 million And calculated from the beginning of last year. For these and more reasons, the pandemic dominates all discussions about public health. But medical experts warn that there are more serious threats.
On Sunday, more than 230 medical journals came together to name climate change “The greatest threat to global public health“Call on world leaders to take immediate action to limit global warming and damage to the natural world. The editorial says that extreme weather related to climate has caused heavy losses to people all over the world if the global temperature is higher than the level at the beginning of the 19th century. At 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit), the situation will only get worse. The world has warmed up by 1.1 degrees Celsius (2 degrees Fahrenheit).
“No temperature rise is’safe’,” the author warned that if no action is taken now, it will have catastrophic and irreversible consequences for human health. “Although the world has the necessary attention to COVID-19, we cannot wait for the pandemic to pass and quickly reduce emissions.”
The report is a summer after the occurrence of climate-related disasters around the world, from Deadly heat dome in British Columbia Downpour China’s flood. In the United States alone, extreme weather related to climate change has claimed at least 388 lives, Affects nearly one-third of people. On the west coast, devastating wildfires have Spread smoke to Europe, Potential Exacerbating the threat of COVID-19.
Long before words such as “isolation” and “social distancing” became vernacular, the climate crisis had begun to harm people all over the world.The editorial says that for people over 65, the past 20 years have witnessed High temperature-related death rate increased by 50%, And the rising temperature caused Bigger risk Death from skin cancer, dehydration, kidney dysfunction, tropical infections, pregnancy complications, mental health problems, allergies, and heart and lung diseases.
These journals also pointed out broader consequences.For example, the decline in heat-related yields of major crops has caused Harder to fight Undernutrition and extensive habitat destruction are Laying the foundation for future epidemicsThe editorial stated that, like COVID-19, the most vulnerable people on the planet will be disproportionately affected—including children, the elderly, ethnic minorities, and the poor.
The editorial said that if world leaders do not take the necessary actions, the result is likely to be a 2 degree Celsius increase in global temperature, which would be “catastrophic.”
For many years, the medical community has been linking climate change with health. The leading medical journal “The Lancet” has always called climate change the world”The world’s biggest health threat“At least since 2009, the World Health Organization has Spent decades Calculate the impact of climate change on human health.Recently, the organization predicted that climate-related diseases such as heat stress, malnutrition and malaria may cause A quarter of a million deaths Between 2030 and 2050.
The author of this editorial said that to resist the threat of climate change requires fundamental changes to the planet’s society and economy—not just simply replacing dirty technologies with cleaner ones. They insist that the government treats the climate crisis with the same urgency as COVID-19, and has invested heavily — “beyond what is being considered or delivered anywhere in the world” — redesigning cities, transportation networks, food systems, healthcare, And more. According to the editorial, the health and economic benefits associated with these changes will be huge and it is easy to offset the cost of abatement.
The editorial urged leaders in the upcoming climate- with Biodiversity related A conference to take action to protect the health of the world. The author said that especially rich countries must do more to help developing countries build just and sustainable infrastructure-through grants rather than loans, partly aimed at increasing the resilience of their healthcare systems to climate change.
“The biggest threat to global public health is that world leaders continue to fail to control global temperature rise below 1.5°C and restore nature,” the editorial said. “As editors of health journals, we call on governments and other leaders to take action to mark 2021 as the year when the world will finally change course.”