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Mexico City — Workers in General Motors The pickup factory in the central Mexican city of Silao voted to cancel their collective contract, which opened the door for them to expel one of Mexico’s largest labor organizations in a historic move.

This vote marked the first test of labor rules for the new trade agreement, which replaced the 1994 North American Free Agreement (NAFTA). Mexico and the United States agreed to a series of safeguards to ensure fair voting.

After the Mexican Ministry of Labor found violations of the union-led procedures, preliminary voting in April was suspended, prompting the United States to file its first complaint under the labor enforcement mechanism of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).

5,876 in total General Motors The Ministry of Labor said in a statement that among the employees who voted from Tuesday to Wednesday, 3,214 workers rejected the negotiation agreement, while 2,623 workers voted to keep the agreement.

Many workers who campaigned to vote “against” said that their current union Not fighting hard enough In order to get a higher salary in a factory that produces thousands of profits Pickup trucks One year.

The counting of votes was led by the factory’s Miguel Trujillo Lopez union-part of the Confederation of Mexican Workers (CTM)-and observers from the Ministry of Labor, the Mexican National Electoral Institute (INE) and the United Nations International Labor Organization (ILO).

Neither the union nor GM immediately responded to requests for comment.

Under the labor reform that supports USMCA labor rules, union workplaces across Mexico are required to vote in such a manner. The reform aims to eliminate so-called sweetheart contracts between business-friendly unions and companies.

(Reporting by Daina Beth Solomon; Editing by Andrew Cawthorne and Dave Graham)

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