Washington-When pursuing a person suspected of a minor crime, the police did not have unlimited power to enter the house without an arrest warrant. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled on Wednesday that a driver in California was chased by a police officer for listening and honking his horn. Home is music.
Refusing to endorse the broad interpretation of police powers, the judges handed the victory to the driver Arthur Lange. After the California Highway Patrol entered his garage without a search warrant and conducted a sobriety test, the judges handed the victory to the driver Arthur Lange. Is challenging his conviction for driving under the influence.
The court sent the case back to the California Court of Appeals in a 9-0 decision written by liberal judge Elena Kagan. The judges rejected the lower court’s ruling that no arrest warrant was required under any circumstances in which the police pursued the arrest, even if the suspected crime was minor.
Kagan wrote: “The escape of suspected misdemeanor does not always justify entering the house without a document.”
“Police officers must consider all the circumstances in the pursuit of the case to determine whether there is a law enforcement emergency,” Kagan added.
Although the justices unanimously overturned the lower court’s decision, there were some legal differences. Chief Justice John Roberts wrote in another opinion with conservative Justice Samuel Alito that the police should be able to complete the arrest when they are hunting someone, even if suspected People enter the home.
“The Constitution does not require this absurd and dangerous result. We should not impose it,” Roberts wrote.
Lange confronted Officer Aaron Victor in his garage in 2016. The ruling did not specifically address whether sober test evidence can be used against Langer, which Langer argues is a violation of the Fourth Amendment prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures.
After several high-profile incidents involving law enforcement operations in the United States in recent years, the ruling was made at a time when police powers and the use of force were under stricter scrutiny. Last year, protests against police brutality and racism broke out in many cities.
According to the case file, after observing Lange driving and honking his horn, Wickett began to follow him and intends to prevent him from violating local noise restrictions. This is a minor violation and a small fine is punishable, but the police car was not opened immediately. Emergency lights. .
When the officer caught up with Lange and activated his emergency lights, Lange was already in his driveway. When Lange drove the car into the garage, Weikert drove into the driveway. Lange said later that he did not know that the police officer had been following him.
When the garage door was about to close, Weikert reached under the door to prevent it from closing.
Weikert said he smelled alcohol and ordered Lange to take a sobriety test. Lange was found to have exceeded the legal limit by more than three times and was charged with drunk driving (DUI) And noise violations.
The lower court ruled that Lange was unfavorable and considered the incident to be “hot pursuit” and allowed undocumented entry.
Lange had no defense against the crime of drunk driving and was sentenced to 30 days in prison and three years probation.
The California Court of Appeals upheld Lange’s conviction in 2019. Lange then asked the Supreme Court to rule that when the potential behavior constitutes a misdemeanor, the police cannot escape the search warrant when chasing someone home.
According to the precedent of the Supreme Court, police officers can enter their homes without an arrest warrant when pursuing felons.