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The author is the chairman and CEO of MOBY Group
When the United States and other international forces take off from Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan next week, they will leave a country deep in humanitarian and economic crisis. Currencies have plummeted, and inflation is destroying savings. Development assistance has almost ceased, and there are 550,000 displaced people across the country.
Many of the best and brightest people in Afghanistan have been forced to leave to seek safety and opportunities abroad. Thousands of people will cross the border on foot to try their luck in the area and beyond. However, most people will be forced to stay. But the international community can still do a lot to support them and put enough pressure on the Taliban to prevent Afghanistan from becoming a pariah country.
It would be a terrible mistake to give up Afghanistan altogether.This is a disaster of choice, created by the President of the United States Joe BidenThe reckless decision to withdraw, coupled with the decision of Afghan Prime Minister Ashraf Ghani to flee the country hastily, made the situation more complicated. If a concerted effort is not taken to address its consequences, the situation will only get worse.
In recent days, we have seen old political enemies Sit opposite In Kabul. This should happen sooner. It is essential that these negotiations not only share power, but also center on the interests of the Afghan people.
this Taliban Some encouraging statements were made on human rights, women’s freedom of movement and girls’ education. These must now be translated into constitutional commitments to preserve the achievements of the past two decades. The Taliban must decide whether they want to rule through fear and intimidation or let the Afghans have benefits in the future.
Afghanistan is already the poorest country in Asia Per capita Before the Taliban took over. The billions of dollars invested in the past 20 years have been mainly used to fund wars. They did not help ordinary Afghans, many of whom have fallen further into poverty in recent years and are in urgent need of life-saving assistance.
The Taliban must realize that this situation is unsustainable. They will not be able to govern a country with a hungry population, a collapsed economy and no foreign investment. The international community also needs to face up to this danger. The UN Security Council must immediately appoint a special envoy to resolve the humanitarian crisis. The government must mobilize the necessary resources to support this work. At these times, we have seen the tragic consequences of inaction in Yemen and elsewhere.
This is also an opportunity to engage with the Taliban and the wider region. The Taliban know very well that they inherited a country destroyed by the four-year war and cannot attract the resources needed for reconstruction. They also know that Afghanistan is different from 20 years ago. They must now deal with the growing youth population, who have never understood the Taliban’s rule, the empowerment of women, and the social structure that has changed due to digital connections and exposure to the outside world.
The Taliban also seek international legitimacy to prevent Afghanistan from becoming a landlocked North Korea. The international community has a vested interest in preventing terrorist sanctuaries from undermining regional stability with the three nuclear powers, so it must take advantage of this need for recognition and persuade the Taliban to take a more accommodating stance.
Everyone who is closely related to the stability of Afghanistan needs to come together and agree on a series of basic common interests. These measures include maintaining the integrity of the country and avoiding further conflicts and possible divisions. Afghanistan needs to be economically viable as a trade route connecting Central Asia with the rest of the African continent. The rights of the Afghan people must be protected and their basic needs must be met. The economic system must be supported to start urban centers with much-needed investment.
No country can play this role, but it requires the joint efforts of all parties to get Afghanistan out of the interrelated crisis. The United States and its allies no longer have the influence or credibility to do this independently, while the countries in the region are driven by competing self-interests.
The only way out is for the United Nations to intervene to address humanitarian needs, unite the Afghan political class, support a new human rights-based agreement, and ensure that when the last military flight takes off from Kabul, those left behind will not forgotten.