For unvaccinated college students and employees, a highly regulated semester is underway.

Last fall, before the Covid-19 vaccine was widely available, many campuses mandated the wearing of masks, required regular or random testing, and banned large gatherings. Now universities are developing parallel sets of policies, depending on the vaccination situation-employees and students who are not fully vaccinated will face stricter regulations, and those who are fully vaccinated will see many rules cut.

Some of the rules are simple-for example, many universities require regular testing of people who have not been vaccinated. Others are more complicated, involving scenarios such as when people eat lunch or how students get quarantined housing. It constitutes a policy structure that depends on the location of the university, whether it is public or private, and how and when state legislators enact restrictions.

Even in campuses that require masks and vaccines, there are subtle differences. For example, Washington State University requires everyone in almost all indoor spaces on campus to wear a mask. The state’s Democratic governor has requested that all higher education employees be vaccinated by October 18, except for medical or religious exemptions.

Despite this, vaccinated employees will still have Some peeling Look at the mask regulations for employees who have never been vaccinated. They can take off their masks during class at a distance of six feet, or when they enter restricted areas to work with other vaccinated people. At the desk, unvaccinated employees can only take off their masks when there are six-foot-high partitions on three sides of their workstations, as long as the fourth side is not directly open to colleagues. Although fully vaccinated people can use the rest room without wearing a mask, those who have not been vaccinated are required to alternate rest periods or eat in “alternative locations.”

Different rules based on vaccination situations are in line with broader public health information.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has urged people who have not been vaccinated to take measures – such as avoiding Travel or isolationing Rear Exposed -Not recommended for those who are fully vaccinated. People who have not been vaccinated are more likely to experience severe symptoms after being infected with Covid-19. Measures to prevent unvaccinated students and employees from contracting the virus or exposing others to the virus can alleviate serious illnesses or outbreaks.

However, there are other reasons for universities to formulate new rules.They tried Encouraging for months Get vaccinations through drawings, including cash for scholarships and school supplies. Northern Virginia Community College issues student IDs worth $250 to vaccinated students. If more than half of Central Oklahoma University students are vaccinated before October 1, the fall holiday will be extended by one day.

That is carrot. The additional policy of having to navigate is likely to be great.

Baylor University in Waco, Texas requires all students who have not been fully vaccinated or tested positive in the past 180 days to be tested twice a week for the first four weeks of the semester. The model showing the spread of Delta variants in unvaccinated people convinced medical experts at the university that regular testing is necessary. If Baylor only tested it one day a week, “we would not master it fast enough,” said Jim Marsh, the dean in charge of student health and wellness.

Ideally, Marsh said, after emphasizing the benefits of vaccines on campus, students will choose to be vaccinated to protect themselves. He said that the university has not added additional regulations to promote vaccination. But “if they choose because of inconvenience,” he said, “so be it.”

At the University of Albany in the State University of New York system, students must be vaccinated unless they are granted an exemption. Now the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has fully approved the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. Students infected with Covid-19 will receive different resources. Depends on their vaccination status. The campus stated that only vaccinated residential students who test positive for the virus can enter the on-campus isolation housing. This marked a change from the previous semester, when any active student living on campus at that time could get such housing.

For students who do not comply with the vaccination requirements, the university “deems it unfair that we bear the cost.”

“Part of the students who have been vaccinated or approved for vaccinations will be required to go home or stay in a hotel at their own expense,” policy analyzing(If unvaccinated students can prove financial difficulties or other personal circumstances justify campus housing, they may still be able to use segregated housing, said Kevin C. Wilcox, vice president of corporate risk management.)

Prior to FDA approval, incentivizing people to get vaccinated was one of the reasons Albany made this policy. The other is space constraints, Wilcox said. The campus brought all the students back this semester, filling up the houses that could have been used for isolation.

Isolation housing is expensive for universities-it requires hiring staff, reserving space and setting up mini refrigerators for each room. Wilcox said the university “considered that it is unfair for us to pay for students who do not comply with the vaccination requirements.”

A “battle” that didn’t take place

Texas Tech initially tried a similar approach, but gave up soon after the semester began.

In mid-August, the Provost of Texas Tech University published a memorandum In other words, the university will provide isolation space or pay for off-campus accommodation for vaccinated people who need to be isolated after testing positive. For unvaccinated residential students who test positive, Texas Tech will “provide information about off-campus housing options,” but will not “pay any related fees.”

Administrators initially believed that “vaccinations are a motivation,” said Lawrence E. Schovanec, the president of the university. But parents worry that “our policy may discriminate against people who have not been vaccinated. … We don’t think this is a battle we need to fight.”

He said he had received less than a dozen complaints. The university has approximately 40,000 students. Soon after school started, campus leaders changed the curriculum for providing isolated housing for those who had not been vaccinated. “We acted out of our care and concern for those affected,” Schovanec said.

At Texas Tech University, the policy still distinguishes between vaccinated and unvaccinated employees. Unvaccinated faculty and staff who have been exposed to the virus (except those who have recently recovered from it) must take sick leave or vacation, and the isolation period is 7 to 14 days. (Employees can request to work remotely during this period.) Employees who are vaccinated do not need to be isolated.

Campus leaders at Texas Tech University said they don’t know how many people on campus have been vaccinated. Although universities allow students to upload their vaccination records, state executive orders prohibit universities from mandating masks or vaccinations, which would distort responses and make estimates inaccurate. Provost Ronald L. Hendrick said he believes most faculty and staff are vaccinated, but the vaccination rates for faculty and students are “different.”

In several states such as Texas, executives are making policy decisions in the legislative environment to prohibit vaccinations or wearing masks.In states that allow mandatory vaccination, universities have adopted more stringent measures, such as fines or Dropout student did not qualified.

In some states, policies are still evolving, which requires other agencies to make changes.

For example, in Ohio, a New law Public universities and schools are prohibited from requiring people to receive vaccines that have not been fully approved by the FDA. Schools also cannot “discriminate against individuals who have not received” such vaccines, “including requiring individuals to engage in or not engage in activities or preventive measures that are different from those of individuals receiving such vaccines.”

This summer, Ohio State University announced that it will require unvaccinated students Take the test every week The law came into effect until mid-October.

But now that the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine has been fully approved by the FDA, the law does not apply. Ohio requirements vaccine. Individuals who are exempted must be tested weekly, always wear a mask indoors, and participate in an online course on “appropriate workplace behavior to reduce the risk of spreading the virus as an unvaccinated individual.”