In the documentary Led Zeppelin: Perplexed and confused, Tourism Manager Richard Cole discusses drummer John Bonham’s special hotel room behavior:

Bonham crushed everything. He even got a security guard to help him smash the pool table because he couldn’t do it himself.Before we check out [the hotel manager] Coming up… he looked at all the damage. He said to Bonzo, looking down at his nose a little smugly, “Oh, you left the mirror.” Bonzo said, “Oh, isn’t it? I’m sorry,” and smashed it in front of him… When we went to pay the bill, [hotel] The manager is boiling.with [band manager] Peter said, “We have paid for the damage, what’s the big deal?” He said, “It’s not like that. It’s just that you can do whatever you want. I work in this hotel. I hate this. I’m happy to do what you do.” Peter said, “Pick a room and give me the bill.” He did it. The guy went down, threw everything out the window, smashed the window, and gave us the bill. Peter took out the cash, paid the money, and that’s it.

Doing what you like can be destructive. Although Bonzo or the colleague who vandalized the room may not have learned this lesson, Keith Moon of The Who and Joe Walsh of The Eagles (the first two died prematurely, Popular song For Walsh: “I live in a hotel and tear down the walls/I let the accountant pay for it”), the hotel manager may have learned this that day, even though Led Zeppelin did pay the bill.

With the hotel manager is the Internet bad boy and good livelihood Marc Andreessen, he is in a Recent interview:

Don’t follow your enthusiasm. seriously. Don’t follow your enthusiasm. Your enthusiasm may be more stupid and useless than anything else. Your passion should be your hobby, not your job. Do it in your free time.

On the contrary…find the hottest and most dynamic parts of the economy and figure out how to make the best and greatest contribution.

The question of what young people should learn has never been more important. As students physically re-enter the school, many people after 18 months of exhausted Zoom school, most people have enough time after quiet self-reflection, and use the immersive educational environment to pursue passion more than ever All are more tempting. The Great Return took place in the midst of a large-scale migration of arts and humanities.Bachelor of Philosophy, History, English and Languages ​​is Drop by more than 30% In 20 years, it has provided a terrible job market for thousands of new PhD students Higher Education Workplace Drama On Netflix.

So where do the students go? Driven by unaffordable tuition fees and unsustainable student loan debt, they have poured into professions with employment connectivity.The health profession, homeland security, and law enforcement have always been The biggest winnerHowever, if you choose any preparatory major except education (!), you will find that the previous generation would revisit the cause of the civil war or decipher Derrida’s students.

When Anderson said not to follow your passion, what he really said was researching STEM-the hottest and most dynamic part of the economy. Among the top 25 majors, 23 are science and technology. Andreessen is particularly passionate about engineering and computer science. In his declaration last spring, “It’s time to build“He accused the United States of failing to build enough housing, factories, transportation, energy, hospitals, schools, and of course technology. Solving this problem requires more investment, but it also requires more talents to be able to use bricks and clicks. Construction. Enrollment in engineering and computer science has increased over the past decade, but not as many as these other fields, which have fewer enrollments “Eliminate” courses -Considered by students to be easier and more accessible.

The good news is that as the digital transformation of the economy accelerates, the skills needed to actually build are easier to learn.The work that once required the mastery of multiple coding languages ​​can now be done Low-code or no-code development platform. Many excellent entry-level click build jobs are now concentrated on the platform, such as Sales force or epic, The leading electronic medical record system.Although few academic institutions will choose and train on-demand software and SaaS platforms, these skills can be acquired relatively quickly, with only Last mile training Format. In other words, as long as the students are fully prepared…

What does it mean to be prepared for the last mile? The common thread seems to be that, in the language of the Lumina Foundation’s degree qualification profile, quantitative fluency—meaning the ability to evaluate and manipulate quantitative evidence when evaluating claims—has strong statistical and data analysis capabilities.


Quantitative fluency, statistics, and data skills are not only necessary to build what we need, but also to maintain what we have.Quantitative illiteracy has made the United States faltering, just as-with Appleva Mandaville of New York Times -We are increasingly “coexisting with science because it unfolds in real time.”In the international rankings, American youth Poorly ranked (After Poland and Slovenia), when we tried to close the door to COVID, our mistakes were not just manifested. In addition to false allegations of election fraud, whether anecdotes (or just fabricated things) can be distinguished from relevant data has become a matter of life and death.if Mask forced protesters Can read scientific publications.If only my college classmates Alex Berenson no The most wrong person in the pandemic And before he released the anti-vaccine tweet, he checked the U.S. hospitalization and ICU data Forsythia (Oh, I mean Substack subscription and self-published screed).

At the same time, the science that we think will unfold in the geological age is also happening in real time.Biblical-scale disasters are no longer mainly related to the Old Testament or Ghostbusters (Dog and cat, living together), but the weather of this week. At the end of a disastrous summer, I took my children camping in Zion National Park. An enthusiastic young ranger gave a wonderful speech on climate change and was questioned by Trump. When I tried to discuss science with the questioner, her answer was “You are a weak American”, as if fighting data or the limits of the Earth’s atmosphere would make someone weak or non-American.

As I noticed last yearOne of the benefits of quantitative fluency is understanding and being able to tolerate ambiguity. Few things are 100% certain. Therefore, in the absence of complete information, mastering probability is the key to judgment and decision-making. At the same time, 1% uncertainty is not the same as a coin toss. Understanding probability and accepting ambiguity can lead to a certain degree of humility and respect for expertise, which is rare among angry anti-mask/vax protesters or Zion tourists who are 100% certain of our current lifestyle in some way Will not cause our great-grandchildren to be scorched or scorched.


With few exceptions (Wellesley, Of CUNY Lehman College), these last mile building blocks are considered the responsibility of the STEM department. However, because colleges and universities provide students with multiple options to circumvent the assignment requirements and strict STEM coursework (ie, non-selective schools seek an incomplete embarrassing completion rate), millions of students are earning degrees each year. At the same time keep the number of illiterate. This means not being prepared for last-mile training or responsible citizens (that is, truly “weak” Americans).

Students should not choose whether to learn these skills. Quantitative fluency should be integrated into every program and course.As UT Austin History Professor Steven Mintz It was pointed out last year that “the Department of Humanities should do more…enable students in computational thinking, data mining, data visualization, geospatial analysis, time series network analysis, source, data privacy, 3D digital reconstruction and analog modeling.” Due to fluency It is necessary to be able to evaluate quantitative relationships in different contexts, so if students can build quantitative strengths in history, literature, political science, and psychology, it will be more effective. In addition, the best way to develop quantitative fluency is not through lectures or discussion groups, but through practice. Students need to process data, formulas and models to develop these skills.

The good news is that the same power requires tens of millions of additional fluent citizen workers: digital transformation has never been easier. Ready-made data set Interdisciplinary and powerful analysis and visualization platform, such as board Colleges and students can be widely used and free of charge.In addition, applications such as Mobile laboratory (Games and experiments in economics and social sciences) and Stukent (Simulation used for business analysis) Continue to market. Therefore, the main obstacle to cross-curricular quantitative fluency initiatives is not the availability of tools, but the willingness and quantitative fluency of non-STEM teachers (overcoming this will be a real test of organizational leadership).

In the STEM project itself, platforms such as Chemistry 101 (Visual scaffolding and easy-to-use drawing tools), Laboratory process (Laboratory) and Pete (Simulation of physics, chemistry, mathematics, earth science and biology) allows students to spend less time accepting (reading, listening) and more time doing it. If we want students to think scientifically, they need to spend more time on hypothesis, testing, observation, analysis and refinement. Engineering and computer science are particularly suitable for these tools and should be the home of “learning by doing” for higher education.

All signs point to a long-term bull market in quantitative skills building in STEM and throughout the curriculum. However, although universities must take the lead, once they have established a new quantitative fluency model supported by technology, the main use case should be high school. Many of the biggest problems in the United States are the direct by-products of the K-12 education system, just like last month’s tuna, which has passed its shelf life.

This is not entirely the fault of the K-12 school district and the union; technology has raised the bar. Before technology was contagious, ignorance was not a problem. But equating a high school diploma with quantitative fluency will do wonders for American democracy, not to mention productivity, economic growth, and reduction of inequality.And considering the large increase K-12 Accept new educational technology tools In the past 18 months, there has been no better time than now.

It is likely that room-breaking kings like John Burnham and Keith Moon have little ability to estimate the cost of the damage they cause. Half a century later, it turns out that quantitative illiteracy is even more unaffordable than these hotel bills. Although I am not looking forward to the scientific revolution, the good news is that new digital and educational technology tools put us on the cusp of a scientific teaching revolution. Like Bonzo and Moon, colleges and universities that do not work hard to use educational technology to embed quantitative skills in every learning project may die out early.


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